Posted by Phil Jayhan, March 14, 2007
Original Link: http://bupc.montana.com/whores/Popeseat.html
Pontifex Maximus or Pope Seated on Satan’s Throne
The Babylonian pagan worship of Nimrod, Semiramis, and the god-incarnate son extended throughout the entire world and eventually assumed the name of Trinitarian Christianity in Rome (Figure 3, pages 24, 25). Trinitarian paganism spread from Babylon to Rome by way of Pergamum. The Babylon Kings, who were descended from Nimrod, served as both king and priest of the pagan Babylonian Mystery religion. As priests, they bore the title “Pontifex Maximus” 125 or “Supreme Pontiff,” meaning “supreme pathfinder” or “bridge maker,” representing “the path or connection between this life and the next.” 126 They ruled upon the throne of Satan, which is the throne of Nimrod as the “hidden god.” 127 The last king to reign in Babylon was Belshazzar, who celebrated the pagan Babylonian ritual using the sacred Jewish temple vessels which his father King Nebuchadnezzar confiscated from the Jewish temple in 587 B.C.:
King Belshazzar made a great feast for a thousand of his wine in front of the thousand.
Belshazzar, when he tasted the wine, commanded that the vessels of gold and of silver which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken [in 587 B.C.] out of the temple in Jerusalem be brought, that the king and his lords, his wives, and his concubines might drink from them. Then they brought in the golden and silver vessels which had been taken out of the temple, the house of God in Jerusalem; and the king and his lords, his wives, and his concubines drank from them. They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold and silver, bronze, iron, wood, and stone.
Immediately the fingers of a man’s hand appeared and wrote on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace, opposite the lampstand; and the king saw the hand as it wrote. Then the king’s color changed, and his thoughts alarmed him; his limbs gave way, and his knees knocked together….
Then from his presence the hand was sent, and this writing was inscribed. And this is the writing that was inscribed: MENE, MENE, TEKEL, AND PARSIN. This is the interpretation of the matter: MENE, God has numbered the days of your kingdom and brought it to an end; TEKEL, you have been weighed in the balances and found wanting; PERES, your kingdom is divided and given to the Medes and Persians….
That very night Belshazzar the Chaldean king was slain. And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old.
– Prophet Daniel 128
After the death of Belshazzar in 539 B.C., the Persian Emperor Cyrus conquered Babylon and forced the Babylonian princes to flee to Pergamum. They continued their reign there as priest-kings of Babylonian paganism. 129 In 133 B.C., Attalus III, the last Babylonian King to rule in Pergamum, willed his dominions to the Roman Caesar, and the kingdom of Pergamum merged with the Roman Empire along with Satan-Nimrod’s throne and the title “Pontifex Maximus.” 130
In 63 B.C., Julius Caesar, who had been elected Pontifex Maximus, became emperor of Rome and vested the office of Roman emperor with the priestly powers and functions of the Babylonian Pontiff. 131 Henceforth, the title Pontifex Maximus was used by the Roman Caesars as illustrated on a Roman coin depicting the image of Augustus Caesar (27 B.C.-14 A.D.) with his title “Pont. Max.,” which is an abbreviation of Pontifex Maximus (Figure 4, page 26). Thus, the Roman emperors, like the preceding Babylonian emperors, now served as priests of Babylonian paganism, and bore the title Pontifex Maximus.
For centuries, Pergamum remained the site of Nimrod’s throne. With the appearance of Christianity, Babylonian paganism threatened the early Christian church of Pergamum as related in the Revelation given by Jesus to His Apostle John, who referred to Pergamum as the seat of Satan’s throne which is Nimrod’s throne:
“And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: ‘The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword.
“‘I know where you dwell, where Satan’s throne is [i.e., Nimrod’s Throne]; you hold fast my name and you did not deny my faith even in the days of Antipas my witness, my faithful one, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. But I have a few things against you: you have some there who hold the teaching of Balaam [pagan Babylonian trinity of Nimrod], who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the sons of Israel, that they might eat food sacrificed to idols and practice immorality.
– Apostle John 132
In 376 A.D., Gratian became the first Roman emperor to refuse the idolatrous title of Pontifex Maximus. 133 He presented the Babylonian Throne, or Satan-Nimrod’s Throne to the bishop of Rome. 134
By this time, the Roman bishops had advanced in political power, and in 378 A.D., Bishop Damasus was elected Pontifex Maximus, becoming the official pagan Babylonian priest seated on Satan’s throne in Rome. As such, the bishop converted the pagan Babylonian temples of Rome into Trinitarian Christian churches and introduced the worship of Nimrod, Semiramis and the god-incarnate son under the respective titles of “god the father,” “god the son” and “god the holy spirit.” All the pomp and ceremony that existed in ancient Babylon was now practiced as Roman Trinitarian Christianity.
Before the Babylonian conversion into Trinitarian Christianity, the early Christians were a small cult surrounded by numerous Babylonian pagan temples. Historians, however, relate the amazing “overnight” conversion of Romans to Trinitarian Christianity, which coincided to a remarkable and unprecedented disappearance of paganism. 135 In actuality, the Roman pagans did not convert to Trinitarian Christianity; but rather, Bishop Damasus exercised his authority as head of Babylonian paganism in Rome, and replaced all the Christian elders with pagan priests and continued the practice of the pagan Babylonian Mystery religion under the name of Trinitarian Christianity. Henceforth, all the bishops of Rome have donned the robes of Nimrod along with the title of Pontifex Maximus.
The Roman Catholic bishops were viewed by most Christians as head of Trinitarian Christianity, and entitled pope or “pater patrum” in Latin, that is, “father of the fathers,”136 despite the fact that Jesus the Christ forbid His followers to refer to anyone as father except for the heavenly Father:
But you are not to be called rabbi [Hebrew for master or teacher 137 ], for you have one teacher, and you are all brethren. And call no man your father [pope, derived from the Greek “papa” meaning father 138 ] on earth, for you have one Father, who is inheaven. Neither be called masters, for you have one master, the Christ.
– Jesus the Christ 139
Thus, like the Babylonian emperors and the Roman Caesars before them, the pagan Roman Catholic popes were seated on the throne of Satan, and possessed the title Pontifex Maximus 140 as displayed on a medal portraying Pope Leo X (1513-1521 A.D.) with the inscription “Pont. Max.” (Figure 4).
Further evidence supports the fact that the papal office is the pagan Babylonian priesthood. Roman Catholic popes not only bear the title Pontifex Maximus and are seated on Satan-Nimrod’s throne, but they also wear the scarlet robes of Nimrod and the miter of the fish-god Dagon, plus they carry the shepherd’s crook of Nimrod and the mystical keys of Janus and Cybele, who were the pagan god and goddess representing Nimrod and Semiramis respectively.141
The Roman bishops wore only white robes until they received Satan’s throne and the title Pontifex Maximus. 142 Roman Catholic popes and cardinals now wear the scarlet robes of Nimrod. The shepherd’s crook or crosier carried by the pope is the magical crook traced directly to Nimrod who was the first shepherd king. 143 The miter worn by the pope represents the mouth of a fish and was worn by the pagan Philistine fish-god Dagon, 144 which is another name for Nimrod (Figure 5, page 30). 145 Also, the tiara worn by the popes is identical in shape to that worn by the Philistine fish-god Nimrod. 146
125. The Two Babylons, pp. 240-252.
126. PONTIFEX MAXIMUS. Baker’s Pocket Dictionary of Religious Terms.
127. The Two Babylons, pp. 275, 276.
128. Daniel 5:1-30.
129. The Two Babylons, pp. 240, 241.
130. ibid, p. 241.
131. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 80; The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, pp. 66, 67.
132. Revelation 2:12-17.
133. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 80; The Two Babylons, pp. 238, 247-252.
134. The Two Babylons, pp. 247, 248.
135. ibid., pp. 250, 251.
136. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 83; The Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 10, p. 403.
137. RABBI. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary.
138. POPE. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary.
139. Matthew 23:8-10.
140. PONTIFEX MAXIMUS. Supreme Pathfinder … the pope. Baker’s Pocket Dictionary of Religious Terms.
141. Babylon Mystery Religion, pp. 83-90; The Two Babylons, pp. 206-218.
142. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 111.
143. CROSIER. Baker’s Pocket Dictionary of Religious Terms; The Two Babylons, p. 217.
144. The Two Babylons, pp. 216, 217.
145. ibid., pp. 114, 215, 252.
146. ibid., pp. 216, 217.
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Posted by: Phil Jayhan, March 14th, 2007
Original link: http://www.exorthodoxforchrist.com/pontifex_maximus.htm
The History of the original Pagan Priesthood of the Holy Roman Empire
and the History of the Title
PONTIFEX. The collegium of the Pontifices was the most important priesthood of ancient Rome, being specially charged with the administration of the jus divinum, i.e. that part of the civil law which regulated the relations of the community with the deities recognized by the state officially, together with a general superintendence of the worship of gens and family. The name is clearly derived from “pans” and “facere”, but whether this should be taken as indicating any special connexion with the sacred bridge over the Tiber (Pans Sublicitis), or what the original meaning may have been, is difficult to determine.
The college existed under the monarchy, when its members were probably three in number; they may safely be considered as legal advisers of the Rex (King/Sovereign) in all matters of Pagan religion. Under the republic they emerge into prominence under a pontifex maximus, who took over the king’s duties as chief administrator of religious law, just as his chief sacrificial duties were taken by the rex sacrorum; his dwelling was the regia, ” the house of the king.”
During the republican period the number of pontifices increased, probably by multiples of three, until after Sulla (82 B.C.) we find them fifteen; for the year 57 B.C. we have a complete list of them in Cicero (Harusp. resp. 6, 12). Included in the collegium were also the rex sacrorum, the flamines, three assistant pontifices (minores), and the vestal virgins, who were all chosen by the pontifex maximus. Vacancies in the body of pontifices were originally filled by co-optation; but from the second Punic War onwards the pontifex maximus was chosen by a peculiar form of popular election, and in the last age of the republic this held good for all the members. They all held office for life – just like the Popes.
The immense authority of the college centred in the Pontifex Maximus, the other pontifices forming his consilium or advising body. His functions were partly sacrificial or ritualistic, but these were the least important; the real power lay in the administration of the jus divinum, the chief departments of which may briefly be described as follows: (1) the regulation of all expiatory ceremonials needed as the result of pestilence, lightning, &c.; (2) the consecration of all pagan temples and other occult sacred places and objects dedicated to the pantheon of gods by the state through its magistrates; (3) the regulation of the calendar both astronomically and in detailed application to the public life of the state; (4) the administration of the law relating to burials and burying-places, and the worship of the Manes, or dead ancestors; (5) the superintendence of all marriages by confarreatio, i.e. originally of all legal patrician marriages; (6) the administration of the law of adoption and of testamentary succession. They had also the care of the state archives, of the lists of magistrates, and kept records of their own decisions (commentarii) and of the chief events of each year (annales).
It is obvious that a priesthood having such functions as these, and holding office for life, must have been a great power in the state, and for the first three centuries of the republic it is probable that the pontifex maximus was in fact its most powerful member. The office might be combined with a magistracy, and, though its powers were declaratory rather than executive, it may fairly be described as quasi-magisterial. Under the later republic it was coveted chiefly for the great dignity of the position; Julius Caesar held it for the last twenty years of his life, and Augustus took it after the death of Lepidus in 12 B.C., after which it became inseparable from the office of the reigning emperor. With the decay of the empire the title very naturally fell to the popes, whose functions as administrators of religious law closely resembled those of the ancient Roman priesthood, hence the modern use of ” pontiff ” and ” pontifical.”
For further details consult Marquardt, Staatsverwaltung, iii. 235 seq & Wissowa, Religion und Kultus der Romer, 430 seq.; Bouche-Leclercq, Les Pontifes, passim. (W. W. F.*). Also consult the early editions of Encyclopedia Britannica.
Life has many choices…
Eternity has only TWO.
Which one is for you?
Posted by: Phil Jayhan, March 14th, 2007
Original link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_See
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|This article is part of the series:
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The Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, “holy seat”) is the episcopal see of Rome. The incumbent of the see is the Bishop of Rome — the Pope. The term Holy See, as used in Canon law, also refers to the Pope and the Roman Curia—in effect, the central government of the Catholic Church—and is the sense more widely used today.
The Holy See is also called “the Apostolic See”. While “Apostolic See” can refer to any see founded by any of the Apostles, the term is in this case used to refer to the see of the bishop seen as the successor of the chief of the Apostles, Saint Peter.
Organization of the Holy See
The Pope governs the Church through the Roman Curia. The Roman Curia consists of the Secretariat of State, nine Congregations, three Tribunals, 11 Pontifical Councils, and a complex of offices that administer church affairs at the highest level. The Secretariat of State, under the Cardinal Secretary of State, directs and coordinates the Curia. The current incumbent, Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone, is the Holy See’s equivalent of a prime minister. Archbishop Dominique Mamberti, Secretary of the Section for Relations With States of the Secretariat of State acts as the Holy See’s foreign minister. Bertone and Mamberti have been named in their respective roles under by Pope Benedict XVI in September 2006.
Among the most active of the major Curial institutions are the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which oversees church doctrine; the Congregation for Bishops, which coordinates the appointment of bishops worldwide; the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, which oversees all missionary activities; and the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, which deals with international peace and social issues.
Three tribunals are responsible for judicial power. The Sacra Rota is responsible for normal appeals, including decrees of nullity for marriages, with the Apostolic Signatura being the administrative court of appeal and highest ecclesiastical court. The Apostolic Penitentiary is different from those two and, instead of dealing with contentious cases, issues absolutions, dispensations, and indulgences.
The Prefecture for Economic Affairs coordinates the finances of the Holy See departments and supervises the administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See, an investment fund dating back to the Lateran Pacts. A committee of 15 cardinals, chaired by the Secretary of State, has final oversight authority over all financial matters of the Holy See, including those of the Institute for Works of Religion, the Vatican bank. The Prefecture for the Pontifical Household is responsible for papal ceremonies and the daily work and life of the Pope.
Like any episcopal see, the Holy See does not dissolve upon the death or resignation of the reigning Pope. It instead operates under a different set of laws sede vacante. During this interregnum, the heads of the dicasteries of the Roman Curia (such as the prefects of congregations) cease to hold office immediately, the only exceptions being the Major Penitentiary, who continues his important role regarding absolutions and dispensations, and the Cardinal Camerlengo, who administers the temporalities (i.e., properties and finances) of the Holy See during this period. The government of the Holy See, and therefore of the Catholic Church, then falls to the College of Cardinals. Canon Law prohibits the College and the Camerlengo from introducing any innovations or novelties in the government of the Church during this period.
Diplomacy of the Holy See
Foreign relations with the Holy See diplomatic relations other relations
Since medieval times the episcopal see of Rome has been recognized as a sovereign entity. The Holy See maintains formal diplomatic relations with 175 sovereign states , the European Union, and the Order of Malta; 69 of these maintain permanent resident diplomatic missions accredited to the Holy See in Rome. The rest have missions with dual accreditation outside Italy, as the Holy See does not accept dual accreditation with an embassy located in Italy. It also has relations of a special nature with Russia (Mission with an Ambassador) and the Palestine Liberation Organization (Office with a Director). The Holy See maintains 179 permanent diplomatic missions abroad (106 of which are accredited to sovereign states). The diplomatic activities of the Holy See are performed by the Secretariat of State (headed by the Cardinal Secretary of State), through the Section for Relations with States.
The Holy See has the oldest continuous diplomatic service in the world tracing its origins to at least AD 325 from its original legation to the First Council of Nicea.
The Holy See is the only European subject of international law to formally recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan). It is the longest lasting diplomatic ally of the ROC, having held official relations since 1942, before relocation of its government from Nanking to Taipei. Talks between the mainland People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Holy See on diplomatic recognition have been ongoing, with the main issue the treatment of Chinese Catholics in mainland China. The People’s Republic of China government controls a Chinese Catholic Association which does not recognize the authority of Rome and the People’s Republic of China has officially banned the underground Catholic Church which recognizes the Holy See’s authority.
The Holy See is especially active in international organizations and is a member of the following groups:
- International Grains Council (IGC)
- International Committee for Military Medicine (ICMM)
- International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
- International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO)
- Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
- Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
- Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)*
- Universal Postal Union (UPU), International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
- Note: In 1971, the Holy See announced the decision to adhere to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in order to “give its moral support to the principles that form the base of the treaty itself.”
The Holy See is also a permanent observer of the following groups:
- International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- International Labour Organization (ILO)
- International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
- Latin Union (LU)
- Organization of American States (OAS) in Washington
- Organization of African Unity (OAU)
- United Nations*
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
- United Nations Drug Control Programme (UNDCP)
- United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS)
- United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- World Tourism Organization (WToO)
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
- Note: the Holy See is a permanent observer in the United Nations and, in July 2004, gained all the rights of full membership except voting. According to Archbishop Celestino Migliore, Holy See Permanent Observer, “We have no vote because this is our choice.” He added that the Holy See considers that its current status “is a fundamental step that does not close any path for the future. The Holy See has the requirements defined by the UN statute to be a member state and, if in the future it wished to be so, this resolution would not impede it from requesting it.”
The Holy See is an observer on an informal basis of the following groups:
- Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee (AALCC)
- International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)
- International Maritime Organization (IMO)
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- United Nations Committee of Peaceful Use of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS)
- World Meteorological Organization in Geneva (WMO)
The Holy See sends a delegate to the Arab League in Cairo. It is also a guest of honour to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Coöperation in Europe.
Relationship with the Vatican City and other territories
Although the Holy See is closely associated with the Vatican City, the independent territory over which the Holy See is sovereign, the two entities are separate and distinct. After the Italian takeover of the Papal States in 1870, there was some uncertainty among jurists as to whether the Holy See, without territorial sovereignty, could continue to act as an independent personality in international matters. A number of countries – mostly Catholic nations plus the notable powers of Russia, Prussia and Austria-Hungary – did recognize Vatican sovereignty, but most nations did not.
The State of the Vatican City was created by the Lateran Treaty in 1929 to “insure the absolute and visible independence of the Holy See” and “to guarantee to it an indisputable sovereignty in international affairs” (quotations from the treaty). Archbishop Jean-Louis Tauran, the Holy See’s former Secretary for Relations with States, said that the Vatican City is a “minuscule support-state that guarantees the spiritual freedom of the Pope with the minimum territory”. 
The Holy See, not the Vatican City, maintains diplomatic relations with states (such as with the United Kingdom), and participates in international organizations. Foreign embassies are accredited to the Holy See rather than to the Vatican City, and it is the Holy See that establishes treaties and concordats with other sovereign entities. When necessary, the Holy See will enter a treaty on behalf of the Vatican City.
Under the terms of the Lateran Treaty, the Holy See has extraterritorial authority over 23 sites in Rome and five Italian sites outside of Rome, including the Pontifical Palace at Castel Gandolfo. The same authority is extended under international law over the Apostolic Nunciature of the Holy See in a foreign country.
- History of the Papacy
- History of the Vatican City
- Roman Curia
- Nuncio for the Foreign relations of the Holy See
- Pope Benedict XVI
- Vatican City
- ^ Holy See Press Office
- ^ CIA – The World Factbook — Holy See (Vatican City). Central Intelligence Agency (2006–12-19). Retrieved on 2007–01-03.
- La Due, William J. The Chair of Saint Peter: A History of the Papacy. (ISBN 1-57075-249-4)
- The Holy See Website
- Primacy of the Apostolic See
- CIA World Factbook on Holy See
- Between Venus and Mars, the Church of Rome Chooses Both – The Holy See’s geopolitics analyzed in the light of the dominant doctrines
- The Holy See in the course of time, from an Orthodox perspective
- Permanent Observer Mission of the Holy See to the United Nations
- Australian Embassy in The Holy See
- Canadian Embassy to the Holy See
- British Embassy to the Holy See
- The Embassy of the Czech Republic at the Holy See in Vatican
- United States Embassy to the Holy See
- Vatican City
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