Posted by: Phil Jayhan
February 21st, 2007
Original link: http://jmgainor.homestead.com/files/PU/MDPC/LA/LA.htm
That papal Rome was responsible for the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln no doubt seems to most people a rather far-fetched allegation. Nevertheless, on this page (including links) is presented evidence that leaves little doubt that the allegation is in fact true. While ‘Pius’ IX didn’t personally pull the trigger, several of the conspirators were not merely Roman ‘catholics’, but were schooled by the Jesuits who have long been advocates of regicide; the southern confederacy was linked heart and soul with popery; the ‘pope’—both shortly before and after the Lincoln assassination—made public pronouncements that were fiercely in opposition to protestant American constitutional liberty, and in favor of slavery; conspirator John Surratt fled after the crime with the aid of Roman priests to the Vatican for refuge; and President Lincoln was warned by letters from at least two individuals before the assassination to be on guard for his life against Roman ‘catholic’ assassins. Please read on for the specifics.
In her book, The Suppressed Truth about the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Burke McCarty begins by tracing the roots of papal antipathy toward popular (as opposed to monarchical, or ‘divine right’) government as far back as the Congresses of Vienna (Austria, 1814-15) and Verona (Italy, 1822).
Part of the purpose of the Congress of Vienna was to restore the monarchies that had been deposed by Napoleon and the French Revolution. The papacy was represented at that congress by legate Cardinal Consalvi, and recovered the papal states, excluding any former territory in France.
The Secret Treaty of Verona evidences this pro-monarchical (divine right) theme. This was entered into the Congressional Record of April 25, 1916, by Senator Robert L. Owen. That the papacy was intimately involved in these congresses is proven by this quote from Article 3 of the Treaty:
“… the contracting powers join in offering their thanks to the Pope for what he has already done for them, and solicit his constant cooperation in their views of submitting the nations.”
The potential, and the percieved intent, for these European alliances to threaten popular government in the U.S.A. was the basis of the Monroe Doctrine.
That McCarty had credible understanding of her subject is shown by the fact that in her book, published in 1924 (17 years before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor), she writes:
“The next step in the Vatican’s Great Scheme is to make war between this country and Japan after the latter country has been placed under full dominance of the Jesuits.” (chapter 1)
McCarty goes on to document the evidence that proves that papal Rome and the Jesuits were intimately involved in the Lincoln assassination (1865), as well as in the assassinations of at least 2 other U.S presidents, and the attempted assassination of another:
1.) President William Henry Harrison (1841), who made his position clear in his inaugural address with these words: “We admit of no government by divine right, believing that so far as power is concerned, the beneficent Creator has made no distinction among men; that all are upon an equality, and that the only legitimate right to govern, is upon the express grant of power from the governed.” He was poisoned to death within less than 6 weeks.
2.) President Zachary Taylor (1850), who determined to preserve the Union against those forces seeking to divide it.
3.) President James Buchanan (1857, attempted assassination), who favored the North, and opposed the Jefferson Davis party on the slavery issue. Poisoned, along with about 50 others, of which 38 died, in 1857.
4.) President Abraham Lincoln (1865), murdered by John Wilkes Booth, tool of a papal/Jesuit conspiracy, as proven in McCarty’s book.
McCarty traces conspirator John Surratt, after the Lincoln assassination, to Canada, where he hid for a time in the care of Roman priests, and on to Rome, where he was found in the service of the papal army under an assumed name, and from whence he was demanded to be extradited to the U.S. for trial. However he was allowed to escape by his papal military guard. He then boarded a steamer for Egypt, where he was aprehended by an American agent.
Click Above Image for Part II
Posted by: Phil Jayhan
February 21st, 2007
Original link: http://jmgainor.homestead.com/files/PU/MDPC/LA/LA.htm
At least three of the convicted conspirators, David Herold, Samuel Mudd, and Samuel Arnold, were alumni of Jesuit Georgetown University. This is acknowledged in the Georgetown Library Associates Newsletter, #67, Spring, 2003, under the heading Did John Wilkes Booth ever attend Georgetown?, wherein it is stated:
Although the Archivist has heard repeated suggestions that Booth not only attended Georgetown but founded Mask and Bauble while a student, the Archives contains nothing to confirm this. The suggestions may have arisen because there were connections between Georgetown and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. In fact, of the eight people convicted in the assassination conspiracy, three were Georgetown alumni. David Herold, who attended the College from 1855-1858, was hanged for his role. He not only guided Lewis Paine to Secretary of State William Seward’s house where Paine attempted to stab Seward to death, but helped the injured Booth to escape after Lincoln’s shooting. Samuel Bland Arnold, who attended 1844-1845, had been part of a previous conspiracy with Herold to kidnap Lincoln and was sentenced to life imprisonment, as was Dr. Samuel Mudd, a student from 1851-1852, who set Booth’s broken ankle. Arnold and Mudd were pardoned by Andrew Johnson in 1869.
Conspirator John Surratt, who escaped conviction by flight, was an alumna of St. Charles College, founded by the Sulpicians, who also helped the Jesuits establish Georgetown University. As stated in Georgetown Magazine, July 1977, They Came to Georgetown: The French Sulpicians:
In its first two decades, Georgetown drew heavily on the abilities—and availability—of French Sulpician priests and seminarians.
The New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia says, under the topic Maryland:
From the time of the first Jesuit missionaries Catholic effort for sound education has been constant. To further the organization of a native clergy Bishop Carroll secured the services of a number of Sulpicians, who on 3 October, 1791, began St. Mary’s Seminary, Baltimore…. Under the same direction St. Charles College, Ellicott City, was founded in 1830. Georgetown University (q. v.) was founded in 1778, and in its first years some of the Sulpicians assisted as professors in the work of the institution, carried on by the Society of Jesus.
The Sulpicians, in fact, sprang out of a Jesuit root, as their founder Jean-Jacques Olier was educated by the Jesuits in his youth.
John Surratt’s mother and fellow-conspirator, Mary Surratt, who was convicted and hanged for her part in the conspiracy, was a devout papist, who attended Mass regularly. She viewed John Wilkes Booth’s murderous act as the work of God, as she said to her daughter, “Booth was an instrument in the hands of the Almighty to punish this wicked and licentious people.” It was in her home that the plot was developed, and she aided in its execution by making preparation, before the assassination, for the imminent flight of Booth and Herold. President Johnson, who succeeded Lincoln, said of her, “Mrs. Surratt kept the nest that hatched the egg”.
Booth himself expressed sentiments similar to Mary Surratt’s when he entered into his diary on April 21, 6 days after the murder, “Our country owed all our troubles to him, and God made me the instrument of His punishment.”
John Wilkes Booth was first introduced to his fellow conspirator, Samuel Mudd, at the Bryantown Catholic Church at Sunday morning Mass, as there is abundant testimony in the conspirators’ trial documents. Tidwell writes of Booth, in Come Retribution, p. 254:
The records of St. Timothy’s Episcopal Church show that John Wilkes Booth was baptized by the rector, Libertus Van Bokkelen on 23 January 1853. No record of confirmation has been found. There are unverified reports that in the last year or so of his life, Booth flirted with Catholicism.
Burke McCarty, in chapter 7 of her book mentioned above, includes a letter she received from Rear Admiral Geo. W. Baird, U.S.N. retired, in which he tells how he helped to identify Booth’s body, saying:
I was called on board the Montauk by Lieut. W. W. Crowninshield, to identify the body of John Wilkes Booth, which I did. I noticed a piece of cord about the size of a cod line on his (Booth’s) neck and invited Crowninshield’s attention to it, who pulled it out and on it was a small Roman Catholic medal. Surgeon General Barnes arrived at that moment and probed the wound in Booth’s neck.
Former Roman priest Emmet McLoughlin, in his book An Inquiry Into the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, p. 50, gives a bit of telling information about the influence of Georgetown on its students:
The Jesuit-controlled Georgetown University, oldest Catholic college in the United States, had 1500 graduates and students of military age in 1861. Of these, 951 joined the armies of the Confederacy, while only 210 were loyal to the American government.
(citing Arizona Register, April 21, 1961)
This is especially telling in light of the fact that Maryland, where Georgetown was located, remained loyal to the Union.
The Jesuits have, from their inception and throughout their history, been teachers and advocates of regicide or, euphemistically, tyrannicide. Because there is so much evidence of this in their writings, some of it is included here on a separate page. These teachings could easily have been viewed as applicable to Lincoln in the mentality of the loyal Confederate, many of whom viewed him as a tyrant. Consider, e.g., Booth’s cry of sic semper tyrannis (thus always to tyrants) after he fired the fatal shot. Lincoln was, among other things in their eyes, taking away their slaves, which they viewed as their ‘property’, etc.
In 1867, approximately 2 years after Lincoln was assassinated, the U.S. State Department published a book titled The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Late President of the United States of America, and the Attempted Assassination of William H. Seward, Secretary of State, and Frederick W. Seward, Assistant Secretary, on the Evening of the 14th of April, 1865. Expressions of Condolences and Sympathy Inspired by These Events. I obtained a copy included on a CD titled Abraham Lincoln—Life and Biography on CD, which is regularly listed on Ebay. The book is a collection of expressions of condolence and solace received from all over the world after President ‘Honest Abe’ Lincoln was despicably murdered in cold blood from behind his back while he sat with his wife enjoying some relaxation from his arduous duties, having just prevailed in the long and drawn-out struggle to preserve the Union and abolish slavery. These condolences were received from governments of nations, states, cities and towns, from churches and synagogues, from societies, fraternities, lodges and clubs, from labor unions and business associations, from schools and colleges—from every corner of the world. They are all translated into English. (I would upload this entire file to this website for the benefit of the reader, but the file is 139MB in PDF format, which is beyond the capacity limit of this website. If I can ever find it in a smaller HTML file, I will include it here.) It is well worth the $7 – $10 purchase price, and I highly recommend it, for to read it is most edifying.
This reader was moved to near incessant weeping to read the unanimity of the most sincere and deeply heartfelt sentiments of admiration and eulogy for Mr. Lincoln and the cause for which, in the end, he gave his life—the expunging of cursed slavery from a society founded on liberty and equality. While I did not take the time to read every word on every page, I did scan over each page looking for material of interest for the topic addressed on this webpage. What I found was that, to the guilt of papal Rome in the Rebellion and the assassination, was borne ample testimony, by their silence. While there were condolences from a large number of ‘protestant’ churches, conferences, councils, etc.—many of them with lengthy and moving expressions of admiration for Mr. Lincoln, including a thorough knowledge of his public life and conduct in office—there was not a single official word from the Vatican. Rufus King, legate of the U.S. at Rome, in a correspondence of May 6, 1865 with William Hunter, Acting Secretary of State for the U.S., included in a single short paragraph of three sentences the fact that he had had an “official interview” with Cardinal Antonelli wherein Antonelli had taken the opportunity to express his and the papal “horror” at the assassination, and “begged” King to “make known these sentiments to the authorities at Washington” (p. 685). This sort of second-hand expression of sympathy does not bespeak sincerity or earnestness, and was but minimal, obligatory, and empty. And not only was the Vatican entirely silent; but I did not find a single word from a ‘catholic’ church, school, fraternity, club, or group of any sort—not a one! Thousands and thousands of people across the world were moved to express their condolences and solidarity with the people of the United States in the time of their tragic loss; but not one ‘catholic’ is recorded as having done so. That is because, as is clearly and thoroughly demonstrated on this webpage, the sentiments of papists were wholeheartedly with the Southern Confederacy and against ‘Lincoln & Co’. The reason for that is because the papacy has always been, and will always be, the enemy of free governments—for their goal has always been, and will always be, to enslave the world to themselves. They profess to speak in the name of Him Who is the Light of the world and Who came to give to men the truth that would set them free; but by their corrupted ‘gospel’ they enslave their adherents in darkness and deceit and idolatry.
Further, along with the manifold expressions of condolence for the people of the U.S.A., and of the universal execration of the assassins, was continually expressed the congratulatory and joyous regard for the banishing of the blight of slavery from American society. These were the sentiments of like-minded and enlightened people from around the world who, though distant geographically, were united in their hearts with the American people in their struggle. Contrast these sentiments with those of the papacy which, barely a year after Lincoln—’first in peace and in the hearts of his countrymen’—was murdered by an assassin drunken on the spirit of slavery, published its doctrine clearly in the defense of slavery (see Pius IX, Instruction 20, below).
While I cannot publish the entire book of condolences here due to the size of the PDF file, I have typed out some of the expressed sentiments of the citizens of Italy which, obviously, are quite different from those of papal Rome. Read them.
Brigadier General (brevetted Major General) Thomas M. Harris was a member of the military tribunal which tried and convicted the conspirators. He wrote a book titled Assassination of Lincoln, A History of the Great Conspiracy (1892), and, later a tract titled Rome’s Responsibility For The Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln (1897).
Chapter XVIII of the book, describing the flight and capture of John Surratt, says this in part:
“At this point we meet with a new element amongst the Canada conspirators, viz., the Roman Catholic priesthood. Porterfield had arranged with Father Boucher to take his charge [John Surratt] in custody, and keep him concealed. This Father was rector of the parish of St. Liboire, a newly-settled place, about forty-five miles from Montreal—an out-of-the-way place, and so a good place in which to hide him away. The arrangements had been made in advance with this Father to take charge of Surratt, and keep him secreted at his house. He was conveyed there by one Joseph F. Du Tilley, who seems to have been priest Boucher’s right hand man. The stratagem to get him away from Montreal was as follows: two carriages drove up in front of Porterfield’s house late in the afternoon, when two persons, dressed as nearly as possible alike, went out together; one of these got into one of the carriages, and the other into the other, when they drove away in different directions. Father Boucher appeared at the trial of Surratt as a voluntary witness for the defense, and without any apparent sense of shame convicted himself, by his own testimony, of being an accomplice after the fact. We think that the testimony he gave warrants the conclusion, also, that another priest, Father La Pierre, placed himself in the same category. Both of these Fathers took Surratt into their houses, and kept him concealed,—the first for three, and the latter for two months,—knowing him to be charged with being a conspirator to the assassination of the President of the United States.”
Surratt is next found in Italy, in the army of the Pope, where he had enlisted as a soldier in the ninth company of Zouaves about the middle of April, 1866. He had found friends after his escape from Washington, who had supported him, kept him secreted, watched over his safety, planned his trip from Montreal to Italy, and furnished him money for the expenses of his journey; friends who, no doubt, were accomplices before, as well as after, the fact, for we find them waiting and watching for his return to Montreal after the assassination, and ready to hurry him off into seclusion. He was to them a stranger; only known to them as a fugitive from his country, charged with the highest crime that a man could commit,—a blow at the nation’s life, by murdering the nation’s head,—a crime against liberty and humanity. These could not have been his friends for mere personal reasons, but from sympathy in the general purpose of this great crime,—the subversion of our free institutions.
A portion of the tract, speaking of Rome’s likely involvment and leadership in the plot, reads:
It was Abraham Lincoln, it is true, that was slain, but it was the life of the nation that the blow was aimed at. The scheme to aid the rebellion by the assassination of the President, the Vice-President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of War, and the General in command of our armies, was concocted by the emissaries of the rebel government, who kept their headquarters in Montreal, Canada. These emissaries held a semi-official relation to the Confederate government. The whole run of the evidence makes it clear that the Roman Hierarchy kept itself in close relations with these emissaries; and it is highly probable, from a consideration of all of the facts, with the head of the government in whose service they were employed also. It kept itself in these close relations for a purpose, and was most likely the original source of the inspiration of the assassination plot.
In his book, Fifty Years in the Church of Rome, (first published 1886), chapters 59-61, ex-Roman priest Charles Chiniquy, who was personally acquainted with President Lincoln, details his belief of the intimate involvement of the Jesuits in the Lincoln assassination plot.
Lincoln had clearly and publicly voiced his opposition to the barbaric decision of the Supreme Court in Dred Scott v. Sanford, which majority opinion was authored by Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney (who, at the time, was the first and only papist ever appointed to the Court), and which declared that “… the enslaved African race were not intended to be included …” in the phrase of the Declaration of Independence “… all men are created equal …”, but were “…beings of an inferior order, and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either in social or political relations; and so far inferior, that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect; and that the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery…”.
That Roman ‘catholic’ sympathies were, for the most part, wholly aligned with the Southern Confederacy and in agreement with the Dred Scott decision is made clear in this study by Dr. Patrick Carey, published in The Catholic Historical Review, vol.88, April, 2002
Further, Lincoln had bested the papist Stephen A Douglas in their series of debates, and beaten Douglas at the polls in the bid for the presidency.
Prior to Lincoln’s election, he was warned in a letter by Oliver H. P. Parker, that Mr. Parker’s “very thorough private investigation” had revealed that the deaths of former presidents William Henry Harrison (1841), and Zachary Taylor (1850), had been assassinations, and that the near death of former president James Buchanan (1857) had been an attempted assassination. Further, that these assassinations were the work of pro-slavery, Roman ‘catholic’ elements in the country. Mr. Parker makes repeated mention of his suspicion that the ‘Borgias’ were responsible. (The Borgias are an Italian crime family intimately connected with the Vatican, having seated three of their own as popes and eleven as cardinals.) Parker closes his letter by cautioning Lincoln:
“Therefore your salvation is caution, and vigilance;—In the selection of your servants be careful not to have any Roman Catholics or Papists about you have none but American born, black and white and have nothing but Protestants, about you, and then I will feel as though you will be comparatively safe.”
In September, 1863, the president of the Southern Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, appointed Dudley Mann as a special envoy to deliver a letter to the Vatican. The Confederate States were hoping to obtain recognition from the Vatican, which would be a great step forward in their cause.
Mr. Mann proceeded to Rome, where he met with the Vatican Secretary of State, Cardinal Antonelli, as related in this letter to J. P. Benjamin. An excerpt of the letter:
His Eminence then remarked that he could not withhold from me an expression of his unbounded admiration of the wonderful powers which we had exhibited in the field in resistance to a war which had been prosecuted with an energy, aided by the employment of all the recent improvements in the instruments for the destruction of life and property, unparalleled, perhaps, in the world’s history. He asked me several questions with respect to President Davis, at the end of which he observed that he certainly had created for himself a name that would rank with those of the most illustrious statesmen of modern times. He manifested an earnest desire for the definitive termination of hostilities, and observed that there was nothing the government of the Holy See could do with propriety to occasion such a result that it was not prepared to do.
Mr. Mann then met with the ‘pope’ as related in this letter to Mr. Benjamin. The ‘pope’ expressed approval of the cause for which the Confederacy was contending, and invited Mr. Mann to remain with him in Rome for several months. Excerpts of the letter:
His Holiness received these remarks with an approving expression. He then said that I had reason to be proud of the self-sacrificing devotion of my countrymen from the beginning to the cause for which they were contending.
His Holiness now observed: “I will write a letter to President Davis, and of such a character that it may be published for general perusal.” I expressed my heartfelt gratification for the assertion of this purpose. He then remarked, half inquiringly: “You will remain here for several months?”
Mr. Mann then had a second meeting with Cardinal Antonelli, as related in this letter. Representatives of the United States had noticed and protested the friendly acquaintance and hospitality being extended to the Rebel government representatives. Cardinal Antonelli stated that he intended to offer special protection to the “Rebels”. Also Mr. Mann believed that the Rebel government had been virtually recognized by the Vatican. Excerpts from the letter:
He took the occasion to inform me, at the commencement, that the acting representative of the United States had obtained an interview of him the day before to remonstrate against the facilities afforded by the government of the holy see to “Rebels” for entering and abiding in Rome; and that he, the cardinal, promptly replied that he intended to take such “Rebels” under his special protection, because it would be making exactions upon elevated humanity which it was incapable of conscientiously complying with, to expect them to take an oath of allegiance to a country which they bitterly detested.
We have been virtually, if not practically, recognized here. While I was in the foreign office the day before yesterday, foreign ministers were kept waiting for a considerable length of time in the antechamber in order that my interview might not be disturbed. Frequently the cardinal would take my hand between his and exclaim: “Mon cher, your Government has accomplished prodigies, alike in the cabinet and in the field.”
He [Antonelli] is bold, courageous, resolute, and is a great admirer of President Davis … .
The ‘pope’ responded with a letter to Davis in which he addresses him as “Illustrious and honorable sir”, and as the “President of the Confederate States of America”. However, it seems that the letter came short of giving formal recognition to the Confederacy. Nevertheless, Mr. Mann believed that it was essentially a formal recognition, as stated in this letter. Excerpts:
In the very direction of this communication there is a positive recognition of our Government.
It is addressed “to the Illustrious and Honorable Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America.”
Thus we are acknowledged, by as high an authority as this world contains, to be an independent power of the earth.
However, Mr. Benjamin informs Mr. Mann in this letter that while the papal letter was producing a “good effect”, it wasn’t viewed as a formal recognition of the Confederacy. Excerpts:
The President has been much gratified at learning the cordial reception which you received from the Pope, and the publication of the correspondence here (of which I send you a newspaper slip) has had a good effect. Its best influences, as we hope, will be felt elsewhere in producing a check on the foreign enlistments made by the United States. As a recognition of the Confederate States we can not attach to it the same value that you do, a mere inferential recognition, unconnected with political action or the regular establishment of diplomatic relations, possessing none of the moral weight required for awakening the people of the United States from their delusion that these States still remain members of the old Union.
… an intestine or civil war, as it is termed by the Pope. This phrase of his letter shows that his address to the President as “President of the Confederate States” is a formula of politeness to his correspondent, not a political recognition of a fact. None of our public journals treat the letter as a recognition in the sense you attach to it … .
Then, in this letter by Cardinal Antonelli to the CSA Commissioners, there is the suggestion of ‘recognition’ in that he makes mention of “… the most bloody war which still rages in your countries … .”—as though the Union and the Confederacy were now two separate countries.
In this letter Mr. Mann states his intention to proceed to London for the purpose of expanding the influence of the papal recognition. And in this letter he mentions his perception that the public sentiment in Italy was turning in favor of the Confederacy. Excerpts:
Throughout Italy, as far as I was enabled to ascertain from my bankers and numerous other intelligent individuals, enlightened public sentiment is beginning steadily to array itself against “Lincoln and Company,” … .
The impious comparison which he [Garibaldi] made of Abraham Lincoln to Jesus Christ has damaged largely his reputation in all Catholic circles while it has popularized our cause.
After its [the papal letter] careful perusal, they united in opinion that its early publication on this side of the Atlantic was of almost paramount importance to the influencing of valuable public opinion, in both hemispheres, in our favor.
… the direction [of the papal letter], which in itself was positive recognition.
Mr. Benjamin states in this letter to Mr. Slidell the positive effect (for the Confederacy) the papal letter was having, and the hoped for effect on papists in the North. Excerpts:
I take it for granted that you have seen the correspondence between the President and the Pope, but enclose it, as published here, with the translation made in the Department of the Pope’s letters. The effect on our people has been good, and we hope that some benefit will be experienced from this correspondence in the influence excited on Roman Catholics in the North.
Another Confederate envoy to Europe and the Vatican was Archbishop Patrick Neisen Lynch of Charleston. The Knights of Columbus Council which bears his name says this of him:
Father Lynch was elevated to the Episcopate as the 3rd Bishop of Charleston in 1858. His Episcopate would be particularly noteworthy because Bishop Lynch enjoyed the distinction of being a close friend and confidant of Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America. Because of this relationship, President Davis would appoint Bishop Lynch Ambassador Plenipotentiary of the Confederacy to Europe. In his roll as Davis’ Special Envoy, Bishop Lynch traveled to the Vatican and the Courts of Europe to plead the cause of the Confederacy for the express purpose of securing for it diplomatic recognition. He was very nearly successful when the war ended and Bishop Lynch found himself stranded in Europe as the Federal Government had denied him permission to return the United States and had, in fact, petitioned the Vatican to assign to a post in Europe to prevent his return to Charleston.
At the outbreak of the war, Lynch was the bishop of Charleston and the editor of the first ‘catholic’ newspaper in the U.S., the United States Catholic Miscellany. At the beginning of 1861, it was re-named the Charleston Catholic Miscellany to reflect the secessionist views of its authors and subscribers. This was made clear in the words of its then editor:
The American Catholic Historical Society tried to credit the title change to the paper’s smaller range, noting that Georgia had become its own diocese in 1850, but the editor, Father James Corcoran, made no bones about the reason for the change. He wrote that he could no longer tolerate “those two obnoxious words (i.e.: United States), which being henceforth without truth of meaning would ill become the title of the paper.”
Copyright © 1997-98, The Diocese of Charleston
New Advent (Roman) Catholic Encyclopedia says of Lynch:
Towards the end of the war Bishop Lynch went to Europe as the accredited representative of the Confederacy on a confidential mission.
The Augusta Chronicle says of him:
Patrick Lynch, another Irishman who became bishop, was raised in Charleston, the son of a slave owner. As bishop, he owned 100 slaves himself. Although he believed it was wrong to trade, abuse or neglect slaves, he defended slavery as a part of the culture and economy. When South Carolina broke with the Union, he pledged his allegiance to his state and then to the Confederacy.
The Confederacy sent him to the Vatican as its representative, but the Vatican did not recognize him. Instead, it gave him a new set of vestments and told him to go home.
After the South lost the war, he was barred from entering the United States. It took months to get a pardon from President Andrew Johnson to allow his re-entry.
©copyright The Augusta Chronicle
The diplomatic correspondence between the Papal States and the United States in that day adds some color to this:
Bishop Lynch of Charleston S. C., late Confederate Agent, is still here. I had an interview with him, at his request, a short time since. He admitted that the cause of the South was hopeless, expressed a wish to return to his home and post of duty and asked me on what terms he could be re-admitted into the United States. I told him that the first thing to be done was to take the oath of allegiance and make his peace with the Federal Government. This he was ready and willing to do, if that would suffice; but he seemed apprehensive that if he returned to America he might be proceeded against criminally. I told him that the President’s Proclamation, which was daily expected, would no doubt contain full information on this point. The Proclamation has since arrived and Bishop Lynch, I understand, considers himself included in the list of “exceptions”.
[footnote: Johnson’s Proclamation of May 29, granting amnesty and pardon to all who participated in the Southern cause, excepting certain classes. citing Richardson, Messages and Papers of the Presidents, VI, 308]
United States Ministers to the Papal States, Instructions and Despatches 1848-1868, edited by Leo Frances Stock, Ph.D, LL.D, ©Copyright 1933, American Catholic Historical Society, p. 342-43, Letter No. 42. of Rufus King (U.S. legate at Rome) to William H. Seward (U.S. Secretary of State), June 24, 1865
Bishop Lynch is very anxious to get back to Charleston, but very apprehensive that he may be held to account for his “sayings and doings”, as an avowed Confederate agent. The “supplies”, I suspect, have given out and the Bishop, who “entertained” a good deal, last year, by way of creating a “public opinion” in favor of the South, is now, I understand, a “guest” of the Propaganda and without “visible means of support.”
Ibid., p. 344, Private letter of Rufus King (U.S. legate at Rome) to William H. Seward (U.S. Secretary of State), June 26, 1865
J. T. Soutter was sent to Rome with a dispatch for Lynch, who was gone; whereupon he delivered the letter directly to Cardinal Antonelli, who was entirely familiar and sympathetic with the Rebel cause, desiring their success. Soutter describes the meeting in a letter to John Slidell. Excerpts of the letter:
Immediately on my arrival here I sought the residence of the Right Rev. Bishop Lynch and learned that he had left Rome, to be absent several weeks…
¶ Accordingly I waited on the cardinal at the appointed hour and he gave me a most cordial greeting, shaking my hand warmly, and, leading me to a seat near his desk, he at once entered upon the discussion of the affairs of the Confederate States. He made no secret of his sympathy with our cause and had not the slightest hesitation in saying he desired our success.
¶ … I was more than gratified with the great interest he manifested in the cause dear to our hearts.
In this letter, J. P. Benjamin commissions John Bannon (Roman Priest) to go to Ireland for the purpose of discouraging the Irish from immigrating to the North, lest they serve in the Northern Army. He also suggests that Mr. Bannon might visit the ‘pope’ at Rome in order to receive his assistance and blessing for the mission. Excerpt:
If, in order fully to carry out the objects of the Government as above expressed, you should deem it advisable to go to Rome for the purpose of obtaining such sanction from the sovereign pontiff as will strengthen your hands and give efficiency to your action, you are at liberty to do so, as well as to invite to your assistance any Catholic prelate from the Northern States known to you to share your convictions of the justice of our cause and of the duty of laboring for its success.
This letter from Confederate Major-General T. J. ‘Stonewall’ Jackson to Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston shows that they were working in concert with papal priests. He writes:
I have taken special pains to obtain information respecting General Banks, but I have not been informed of his having gone east. I will see what can be effected through the Catholic priests in Martinsburg.
John E. Tallon M. D. (Surgeon in the U. S. Army) wrote in this letter to President Lincoln:
The Roman Catholic Clergy of Louisiana generally, I believe are Rebels at heart …
That the papal priests and the Irish ‘catholics’ generally sided with the South is shown in this letter from S. C. Hayes to Jefferson Davis, in which he writes:
I mention these circumstances to show you that the great body of Irish at the North feel a deep interest in our success, more especially in Pennsylvania, where they have been subjected to bitter persecution. Although I am an elder in the Presbyterian Church, yet I had conversations with quite a number of Roman Catholic priests at the North, all of whom, with one exception, expressed the utmost confidence and sympathy in our success.
Also in this letter from Major Jos. Darr to Lieutenant Colonel W. H. Chesebrough, in which he says of Daniel O’Connor, Roman priest and prisoner:
… he does not hesitate to follow in the footsteps of his bishop and declares his sympathy with the rebels while claiming that he is not an American citizen … .
Also in this letter from Joshua Fiero, Jr. (Captain and Provost-Marshal, North) to Colonel James B. Fry (Provost-Marshal-General, North). Excerpts:
… both localities largely settled by the Irish people. This resistance was mostly made by the Irish women.
I called upon the Catholic priest, who assured me that all he could do to restore order should be done. After this better order prevailed.
… a meeting was held last night attended by some 300 persons, mostly Irish, who hurrahed for Jeff. Davis and Lee, and voted to resist the draft … .
Further evidence of Roman ‘catholic’ sympathy with the South is shown in this letter from Jo. O. Shelby (Brigadier-Genreral) to Lieutenant-Colonel L. A. Maclean, in which he states:
I find that this settlement [Westphalia] is Catholic and composed of Southern sympathizers.
The Southern Army made it a practice of enlisting its Roman ‘catholic’ prisoners of war into its own ranks, as shown by this letter from Jno. Blair Hoge (Major and Assistant Adjutant-General) to Major-General D. H. Maury, in which he writes:
… relating to the subject of recruiting prisoners of war … .
… by recruiting chiefly among Catholic Irish and other foreigners and obtaining the influence of the Catholic priesthood they may secure faithful soldiers.
As to the material to be received as recruits, it is recommended that Catholic Irish be preferred, and next to them other foreigners.
Further evidence of this is found in this letter of J. A. Seddon (Secretary of War) to General M. J. Wright in which he writes, regarding 1,000 or more catholic Irish who wished to enlist in the Confederate Army:
The enlistment of Irish and other foreign prisoners, as proposed, is sanctioned.
And in this letter, Edwin M. Stanton (Secretary of War, North) authorizes Governor Morton (of Indiana) to release 200 ‘catholic’ Confederate prisoners, and to enlist them into the Northern Army.
The absence of Roman clergy in the Northern forces is shown in this letter from Major-General W. T. Sherman to Admiral D. D. Porter, wherein he writes:
… don’t believe a single Catholic priest is in our fleet; have sent to enquire, but the answer comes back from each division, None.
Approximately four months prior to the assassination, ‘Pope’ Pius IX had declared papal Rome’s official position to be at odds with Protestant America and the liberties secured by the U.S. Constitution in his ‘Syllabus of Errors‘ (December 8, 1864):
15. [It is error to believe that] Every man is free to embrace and profess that religion which, guided by the light of reason, he shall consider true.
18. [It is error to believe that] Protestantism is nothing more than another form of the same true Christian religion, in which form it is given to please God equally as in the Catholic Church.
21. [It is error to believe that] The Church has not the power of defining dogmatically that the religion of the Catholic Church is the only true religion.
24. [It is error to believe that] The Church has not the power of using force, nor has she any temporal power, direct or indirect.
54. [It is error to believe that] Kings and princes are not only exempt from the jurisdiction of the Church, but are superior to the Church in deciding questions of jurisdiction.
55. [It is error to believe that] The Church ought to be separated from the State, and the State from the Church.
77. [It is error to believe that] In the present day it is no longer expedient that the Catholic religion should be held as the only religion of the State, to the exclusion of all other forms of worship.
78. [It is error to believe that] Hence it has been wisely decided by law, in some Catholic countries, that persons coming to reside therein shall enjoy the public exercise of their own peculiar worship.
79. [It is error to believe that] Moreover, it is false that the civil liberty of every form of worship, and the full power, given to all, of overtly and publicly manifesting any opinions whatsoever and thoughts, conduce more easily to corrupt the morals and minds of the people, and to propagate the pest of indifferentism. [The meaning of this is: that it is the view of the Vatican that freedom of worship, and freedom of speech, tend to corrupt the morals and minds of the people and to propogate indifferentism.]
A little more than two months before the assassination, Lincoln received a letter from Louisa Harrison warning him to be on guard against Roman Catholic assassins. It appears that all links to this letter at the Library of Congress are temporary, and thus a link cannot be posted here. The letter can be viewed in photographic format at the Lincoln Papers site by entering “Louisa Harrison” into the ‘keyword’ search. Be sure to set the search filter to “match this exact phrase”. (click on the “Archival grayscale/color (JPEG – 203K)” link for a more readable image.) A portion of it reads:
“Do you Sir, not forsee some danger from Catholicism—spread as its members are—all over the Union. They follow and obey their Priests implicitly. And they again their Head—so that one man can cause the uprising of this entire Body of Secret sworn ? —sworn to destroy the Heretic and think that they are doing God service!
The letter tells the story of how an associate of the writer had once seen a new RC church and observed them unpacking and polishing weapons in the basement; and heard talk of the ‘Catholics’ rising up to massacre the Protestants. The letter states that there was much talk of a report that the uprising was to be on March 10th (Lincoln was assassinated April 14). Near the end of the letter, it says:
I know the Lord is able to put to flight the armies of the Ailen (sic, alien). And if they are plotting a midnight assassin on so stupendous a scale—my trust is that He will lay his hand on all the Leaders.…
About fourteen months after the assassination of Lincoln, ‘pope’ Pius IX stated the papal position on slavery, which was virtually in agreement with the position of the Southern Confederacy:
“Slavery itself, considered as such in its essential nature, is not at all contrary to the natural and divine law, and there can be several just titles of slavery and these are referred to by approved theologians and commentators of the sacred canons. It is not contrary to the natural and divine law for a slave to be sold, bought, exchanged or given. The purchaser should carefully examine whether the slave who is put up for sale has been justly or unjustly deprived of his liberty, and that the vendor should do nothing which might endanger the life, virtue, or Catholic faith of the slave.” [Pius IX, Instruction 20, June 1866]
The evidence is overwhelming that Roman ‘catholics’, under the leadership of their clergy and, ultimately, the ‘pope’, were in favor of the Southern Confederacy and opposed to “Lincoln & Co.”. That the assassination of Lincoln was not the work of John Wilkes Booth acting alone, but was a conspiracy that traces back to the Vatican—to which John Surratt fled for refuge—is borne out by abundance of evidence. And even if some of that evidence is but circumstantial, it is weighty, and compelling. In the end, the reader must draw his or her own conclusions. But the facts are, and will remain, inescapable.
Mine eyes have seen the glory
Of the coming of the Lord;
He is trampling out the vintage
Where the grapes of wrath are stored;
He hath loosed the fateful lightning
Of His terrible swift sword;
His truth is marching on.
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
His truth is marching on.
I have seen Him in the watchfires
Of a hundred circling camps
They have builded Him an altar
In the evening dews and damps;
I can read His righteous sentence
By the dim and flaring lamps;
His day is marching on.
I have read a fiery gospel writ
In burnished rows of steel:
“As ye deal with My contemners,
So with you My grace shall deal”:
Let the Hero born of woman
Crush the serpent with His heel,
Since God is marching on.
He has sounded forth the trumpet
That shall never call retreat;
He is sifting out the hearts of men
Before His judgement seat;
Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him;
Be jubilant, my feet;
Our God is marching on.
In the beauty of the lilies
Christ was born across the sea,
With a glory in His bosom
That transfigures you and me;
As He died to make men holy,
Let us die to make men free;
While God is marching on.
Battle Hymn of the Republic
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